Where copyright is held by IDRC

Unless otherwise stated, the copyright to material on this website is held by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).

IDRC permits reading, downloading, copying, redistributing, printing, linking and searching, for non-commercial or academic purposes, of any of its content, provided that credit and reference is given to IDRC and the original source page and, in the case of copying, redistribution or linking, that you inform IDRC of how the material is being used, as below. 

If you are copying, redistributing or linking to any IDRC content on this website for non-commercial and/or academic purposes, we would like to know. Please send an e-mail to info@idrc.ca with the complete URL of the content that you are using, as well as a description of use. 

Users must request and receive, at IDRC’s sole discretion, written permission from IDRC prior to making any commercial use of IDRC content on this website. Users intending to make commercial use must e-mail a permission request to info@idrc.ca. Please be sure to include the complete URL of the material you are interested in using, as well as a description of intended use. 

IDRC content on this website may be freely reproduced for private, personal use. 

Where copyright is not held by IDRC

When copyright in content on this website is not held by IDRC, the copyright owner is specifically noted on the relevant page (for example, Copyright or © Name of Copyright holder, 2013). Where this is the case, and unless otherwise noted on the face of the content, all rights are reserved by the copyright holder and users wishing to make use of the material must contact the copyright holder directly for all requisite permissions. 


The opinions expressed in copyrighted materials are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of IDRC, its employees, officers, or governors.

All copyrighted materials contained within this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute professional or expert advice or opinion in any way.  Materials are not guaranteed to be correct, up to date, or complete. By using this website, you are deemed to accept this. 

This website contains links to other websites for the convenience of users. These sites are not controlled by IDRC and IDRC is not responsible for their contents.


Website Usage

User contributions and interactive spaces

This website provides spaces for the discussion of issues and access to various communications facilities. The user agrees, when using such facilities, that its communications shall be proper and related to the relevant issues. The user will not communicate anything that is defamatory, unlawful, obscene, or threatening. The user will not upload or attach files where it would be unlawful to do so or which are corrupt, contain viruses, or would otherwise be technically harmful. The user will include proper notice of ownership and rights attached to material s/he provides and respect the intellectual property rights of others. The user will not advertise, attempt to sell goods, or distribute contests, chain letters, or surveys through this website. All user contributions will be monitored and must be approved by IDRC prior to appearing on this website.   IDRC may, at its sole discretion, remove any materials that offend these terms of use and may prohibit the use of the site by any user.


The use of this website, and these website terms of use, is/are governed by, and will be interpreted in accordance with, the laws of Ontario and Canada. 

By using this website you agree to be bound by these terms of use. 

IDRC reserves the right to make changes to these terms of use from time to time.


Privacy Policy

IDRC respects the privacy concerns of users of this website.

Certain information, such as a user’s IP address, browser type, referring page, platform, file accessed and date/time information are automatically collected by our web server. This data is only used to enforce our terms of use and for troubleshooting issues with the site..

This website uses cookies to store the name and email address you enter when you leave a comment, in order to prepopulate the form fields for subsequent comments. A cookie is a small piece of data which is sent to a user's web browser and saved on a user's computer hard drive.  Visitors that wish to opt-out of cookies should review the help documentation for their browser software to decline or selectively decline cookies. Note that declining cookies may adversely impact site performance.

This website also uses Google Analytics to track the performance of its web properties. Google Analytics uses cookies to track how our visitors use this site. The information generated by the cookies about your use of this website (including your IP address, truncated to ensure your anonymity) is transmitted to Google. This information is used to compile statistical reports on the website’s activities and enhance the user online experience at this website..

No personal, identifying information is recorded by or provided to Google. For more information about Google Analytics, please visit http://www.google.com/intl/en_ALL/policies/privacy/.  Those wishing to opt out of Google Analytics data collection should use the Google Analytics Opt-out Browser Add-on (https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout).

Personal information - such as a user’s name and phone number or e-mail address - is only gathered and retained where users provide such information voluntarily when using a functionality on this website. In such cases, the information collected will be used only for the intended purpose (for example, leaving a comment or subscribing to the TTI Newsletter). When you subscribe to the TTI Newsletter, your name and e-mail address will be collected and used by a third-party provider to send you a regular newsletter.  You can unsubscribe at any time. 

The practices outlined in this privacy statement are specific to IDRC and this website. Other organizations linked to this site may have different practices; users should review the policies of other websites when visiting them.